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Paul T. Costa, Jr., Ph.D. Paul T. Costa, Jr., Ph.D., Scientist Emeritus
Laboratory of Behavioral Neuroscience

E-mail: costap@mail.nih.gov

Education:

    1964 - A.B., Clark University, honors in psychology
    1968 - M.A., University of Chicago, in human development
    1970 - Ph.D., University of Chicago, in human development

Licensure:

    1974 - Licensed Clinical Psychologist, Commonwealth of Massachusetts
    1989 - Affiliate, Medical Staff, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Department of Psychiatry

Brief Chronology of Employment:

    1970-1972 Lecturer in Clinical Psychology, Harvard University

    1973-1978 Associate Professor of Psychology, University of Massachusetts at Boston

    1978-1985 Chief, Section on Stress and Coping, Laboratory of Behavioral Sciences, Gerontology Research Center, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health

    1985-DATE Chief, Laboratory of Personality and Cognition, Gerontology Research Center, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health

Academic Positions:

    1984-Date Adjunct Professor of Psychology, University of Maryland Baltimore County, Catonsville, Maryland

    1984-Date Adjunct Associate Professor of Medical Psychology, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina

    1989-Date Associate Professor of Medical Psychology, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland

    1989-Date Clinical Professor of Psychiatry, Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, D.C.

Societies:

    Gerontological Society of America, 1965
    Chair, Psychology Division, Behavioral and Social Sciences Section, 1981-1982
    American Psychological Association, 1970
    Division 20, Adult Development and Aging, 1975
    Division 38, Health Psychology, 1985
    Massachusetts Psychological Association, 1972
    Society for Personality Assessment, 1978
    Society of Behavioral Medicine, 1980
    American Public Health Association, 1982
    International Society for the Study of Individual Differences (ISSID), 1983
    American Psychosomatic Society, 1986
    American Psychological Society, 1988
    National Academy of Neuropsychology, 1989
    American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1990
    European Association of Personality Psychology, 1991
    Society for Industrial & Organizational Psychology (SIOP), 1994
    International Council of Psychologists, 1994
    American Board of Assessment Psychology, 1996

Honors and Other Special Scientific Recognition:

    1977, Fellow, Gerontological Society of America
    1977, Fellow, American Psychological Association (APA)
    1984, Who's Who in the East
    1985, President, Division 20, Adult Development and Aging, APA
    1986, Fellow, Society of Behavioral Medicine
    1988, International Who's Who in Medicine
    1993, Distinguished Contribution Award, Division 20 (Adult Development and Aging, APA)
    1994, NIH Director's Award
    1992-1996, Co-Chair, Agency for Health Care Policy and Research Panel on Recognition and Initial Assessment of Alzheimer's and Related Dementias (T. Franklin Williams, M.D., Co-Chair)
    1995-Date, President, International Society for the Study of Individual Differences
    1997, Who's Who in the World
    1997, American Men and Women of Science
    1997, Nominated to Who's Who in Science and Engineering

Plenary or Named Lectures:

  • 1983, Ardie Lubin Memorial Lecturer, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California.

  • 1986, Keynote Speaker, Center for Geriatric Education, University of Puerto Rico.

  • 1988, "Personality Stability and the Changes of Adult Life", Master Lecture, American Psychological Association, 96th Annual Meetings, Atlanta, Georgia.

  • 1994, "Personality: Universal and Unchanging?" Keynote Address, Meeting of the Japan Society for Biomedical Gerontology and the 5th Joint Meeting of the Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology (TMIG) and the National Institute on Aging (NIA), Tokyo, Japan, October.

  • 1994, "Traits Through Time or the Stability of Personality: Observations, Evaluations, and the Model", Division 20 Invited Address, American Psychological Association, Los Angeles, California, August.

  • 1996, Invited Address, Department of Psychology, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, July.

  • 1996, "How Personality Feels", Keynote Address, 8th European Conference on Personality, European Association of Personality Psychology, Ghent, Belgium, July.

  • 1996, "Personality Theory in the Wake of the Five-Factor Model of Personality", State of the Art Lecture, XXVI International Congress of Psychology, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, August.

  • 1997, Keynote Speaker, 10th Norwegian Research Conference on Mental Health, Oslo, Norway, February. Visiting Professor, Oslo University, Department of Psychiatry.

  • 1997, Invited Address, 1st Meeting of the Spanish Society for Research of Individual Differences (SEIDI), Murcia, Spain, February.

  • 1997, Plenary Lecturer, 5th International Congress on the Disorders of Personality, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, June.

  • 1997, "The Five-Factor Model as a Universal Passport to Understanding Personality", Presidential Address, VIIIth Biennial Meeting of the International Society for the Study of Individual Differences, Aarhus, Denmark, July.

Professional Activities:

  • 1981-82 Resource Person and Advisor, White House Conference on Aging

  • 1984-87 Member, John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Mental Health Research Network on Determinants and Consequences of Health- Promoting and Health-Damaging Behavior.

  • 1985 Chair, CHD Task Force 2: Psychological Risk Factors in Coronary Heart
    Disease. American Heart Association Conference on Behavioral Medicine Cardiovascular Disease, Sea Island, Georgia, February 3-7.

  • 1985 Invited Speaker, Board of Scientific Affairs, American Psychological Association Annual Meeting, August 24 (Research Opportunities in Aging)

  • 1986 Invited Task Force Member, American College of Cardiology, 18th Bethesda Conference; "Cardiovascular Disease in the Elderly," May 8-10

  • 1986 APA Delegate to Conference on Interdisciplinary Issues in Mental Health and Aging. From the 1981 White House Conference on Aging to 1986: A Mid-Decade Review, May 17-18, Washington, D.C.

  • 1988 Member, Task Force on Longitudinal Studies, Research Education and Planning Committee. Gerontological Society of America, Washington, D.C.

  • 1993 Conference-Chair, Sixth Meeting of the International Society for the Study of Individual Differences, Baltimore, Maryland

Editorial Activities:

    1975-DATE Consulting Editor, International Journal of Aging and Human Development
    1977-1984 Consulting Editor, Journal of Gerontology
    1978-1985 Consulting Editor, Personality Processes and Individual Differences Section, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
    1982-1989 Editor, Biobehavioral and Social Sciences, Experimental Aging Research
    1984-1993 Consulting Editor, Health Psychology
    1985-1989 Consulting Editor, Psychology and Aging
    1988-DATE Consulting Editor, Journal of Aging and Health
    1990-DATE Advisory Editor, Psychological Abstracts
    1992-1994 Editorial Board, Journal of Gerontology: PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCES
    1993-DATE Agendas for Aging, Series Editor, University of Nebraska Press
    1994-DATE Consulting Editor, Assessment

BIBLIOGRAPHY

  1. Costa P.T., Jr., and Kastenbaum R.: Some aspects of memories and ambitions in centenarians. J. Genet. Psychol. 110: 3-1, 1967.[Abs]

  2. Costa P.T., Jr.: Review of theory and methods of research on aging. Int. J. Aging Hum. Dev. 1: 401-404, 1970.

  3. Maddi S.R., and Costa P.T., Jr. Humanism in psychology: Allport, Maslow and Murray. Chicago, IL: Aldine; 1972.

  4. Costa P.T., Jr.: Intellectual functioning in adults: Psychological and biological influences: A review. Int. J. Aging Hum. Dev. 1: 111-113, 1974.

  5. Bosse R., Costa P.T., Jr., Cohen M., and Podolsky S.: Age, smoking inhalation, and pulmonary function. Arch. Environ. Health 20: 459-498, 1975.[Abs]

  6. Costa P.T., Jr., Fozard J.L., McCrae R.R., and Bosse R.: Relations of age and personality dimensions to cognitive ability factors. J. Gerontol. 31: 663-669, 1976. [Abs]

  7. Costa P.T., Jr., and McCrae R.R.: Age differences in personality structure: a cluster analytic approach. J. Gerontol. 31: 564-570, 1976. [Abs]

  8. Ekerdt D.J., Rose C.L., Bosse R., and Costa P.T.: Longitudinal change in preferred age of retirement. Journal of Occupational Psychology 49: 161-169, 1976.

  9. McCrae R.R., Bartone P.T., and Costa P.T.: Age, anxiety, and self-reported health. Int J Aging Hum Dev 7: 49-58, 1976. [Abs]

  10. Costa P.T., Jr., Fozard J.L., and McCrae R.R.: Personological interpretation of factors from the Strong Vocational Interest Blank scales. Journal of Vocational Behavior 10: 231-243, 1977.

  11. Costa P.T., and McCrae R.R.: Age differences in personality structure revisited: Studies in validity, stability, and change. Int. J. Aging Hum. Dev. 8: 261-275, 1977. [Abs]

  12. Costa P.T., Jr., and McCrae R.R.: Psychiatric symptom dimensions in the Cornell Medical Index among normal adult males. J. Clin. Psychol. 33: 941-946, 1977. [Abs]

  13. Friedlander J.S., Costa P.T., Jr., Bosse R., Ellis E., Rhods J.G., and Stoudth H.: Longitudinal physique changes among healthy white veterans at Boston. Hum. Biol. 49: 541-558, 1977. [Abs]

  14. Kastenbaum R., and Costa P.T., Jr.: Psychological perspectives on death. Ann. Rev. Psychol. 28: 225-249, 1977. [Abs]

  15. Costa P.T., and Fozard J.L.: Remembering the person: Relations of individual difference variables to memory. Exp. Aging Res. 4: 291-304, 1978. [Abs]

  16. Costa P.T., Jr., and McCrae R.R.: Objective personality assessment. In: M. Storandt, I. Siegler, and M.F. Elias (Eds.): The clinical psychology of aging. New York: Plenum, 1978: 119-143.

  17. McCrae R.R., Costa P.T., and Bosse R.: Anxiety, extraversion and smoking. Br. J. Soc. Clin. Psychol. 17: 269-273, 1978. [Abs]

  18. Robertson-Tchabo E.A., Arenberg D., and Costa P.T.: Temperamental predictors of longitudinal change in performance on the Benton Visual Retention Test among seventy year old men: An exploratory study. In: F. Hoffmeister, and C. Muller (Eds.): Brain function in old age: Evaluation of changes and disorders. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1979: 151-160.

  19. Bosse R., Garvey A.J., and Costa P.T.: Predictors of weight change following smoking cessation. Int. J. Addict. 15: 969-991, 1980. [Abs]

  20. Bosse R., Sparrow D., Garvey A.J., Costa P.T., Weiss S.T., and Rowe J.W.: Cigarette smoking, aging, and decline in pulmonary function: A longitudinal study. Arch. Environ. Health 35: 247-252, 1980. [Abs]

  21. Costa P.T., Jr., Chauncey H.H., Rose C.L., and Kapur K.K.: Relationship of parotid saliva flow rate and composition with personality traits in healthy men. Oral Surg. Oral Med. Oral Pathol. 50: 416-422, 1980. [Abs]

  22. Costa P.T., Jr., and McCrae R.R.: Functional age: A conceptual and empirical critique. In: S.G. Haynes, and M. Feinleib (Eds.): Second Conference on the Epidemiology of Aging. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, NIH Publication No. 80-969, 1980: 23-46.

  23. Costa P.T., Jr., and McCrae R.R.: Influence of extraversion and neuroticism on subjective well-being: happy and unhappy people. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 38: 668-678, 1980. [Abs]

  24. Costa P.T., and McCrae R.R.: Somatic complaints in males as a function of age and neuroticism: A longitudinal analysis. J. Behav. Med. 3: 245-257, 1980. [Abs]

  25. Costa P.T., Jr., and McCrae R.R.: Still stable after all these years: Personality as a key to some issues in adulthood and old age. In: P. Baltes, and O.G. Brim (Eds.): Lifespan development and behavior. New York: Academic Press, 1980: 65-102.

  26. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R., Andres R., and Tobin J.D.: Hypertension, somatic complaints and personality. In: M.F. Elias, and D.H.P. Streeten (Eds.): Hypertension and cognitive processes. Mt. Desert, ME: Beech-Hill Publishers, 1980: 95-110.

  27. Costa P.T., McCrae R.R., and Arenberg D.: Enduring dispositions in adult males. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 38: 793-800, 1980.

  28. Costa P.T., McCrae R.R., and Bosse R.: Smoking motive factors: A review and replication. Int. J. Addict. 15: 537-549, 1980.[Abs]

  29. Costa P.T., Jr., and Shock N.W.: New longitudinal data on the question of whether hypertension influences intellectual performance. In: M.F. Elias, and D.H.P. Streeten (Eds.): Hypertension and cognitive processes. Mt. Desert, ME: Beech-Hill Publishers, 1980: 83-93.

  30. McCrae R.R., and Costa P.T., Jr.: Openness to experience and ego level in Loevinger's Sentence Completion Test: Dispositional contributions to developmental models of personality. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 39: 1179-1190, 1980.

  31. McCrae R.R., Costa P.T., Jr., and Arenberg D.: Constancy of adult personality structure in males: longitudinal, cross-sectional and times-of-measurement analyses. J. Gerontol. 35: 877-883, 1980. [Abs]

  32. Costa P.T., Jr.: Neuroticism as a factor in the diagnosis of angina pectoris. Ann. Behav. Med. 3: 18-20, 1981.

  33. Costa P.T., and McCrae R.R.: Stress, smoking motives, and psychological well-being: The illusory benefits of smoking. Advances in Behaviour Research and Therapy 3: 125-150, 1981. 

  34. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R., and Norris A.H.: Personal adjustment to aging: longitudinal prediction from neuroticism and extraversion. J. Gerontol. 36: 78-85, 1981. [Abs]

  35. Costa P.T., Fleg J.L., McCrae R.R., and Lakatta E.G.: Neuroticism, coronary artery disease, and chest pain complaints: Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies. Exp. Aging Res. 8: 37-44, 1982.

  36. Costa P.T., and McCrae R.R.: An approach to the attribution of aging, period, and cohort effects. Psychol. Bull. 92: 238-250, 1982.

  37. Harman S.M., Tsitouras P.D., Costa P.T., Jr., and Blackman M.R.: Reproductive hormones in aging men II: Basal pituitary gonadotropins and gonadotropin response to leutinizing hormone-releasing hormone. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 54: 547-551, 1982. [Abs]

  38. Harman S.M., Tsitouras P.D., Costa P.T., Jr., Loriaux D.C., and Sherins R.J.: Evaluation of pituitary gonadotropic function in man: Value of LRH response vs. basal LH level for discrimination of diagnosis. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 54: 196-200, 1982. [Abs]

  39. McCrae R.R., and Costa P.T., Jr.: Aging, the life course, and models of personality. In: T. Field (Ed.): Review of human development. New York: Wiley, 1982: 602-613.

  40. McCrae R.R., and Costa P.T.: Self-concept and the stability of personality: Cross-sectional comparisons of self-reports and ratings. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 43: 1282-1292, 1982.

  41. Costa P.T., Jr.: Aging research comes of age: Experimental psychology and human aging by Donald H. Kausler. Contemp. Psychol. 28: 938-939, 1983.

  42. Costa P.T., Jr.: Men in their forties by Lois Tamir: A critical review. J. Gerontol. 38: 247-248, 1983.

  43. Costa P.T., and McCrae R.R.: Contribution of personality research to an understanding of stress and aging. Marriage and Family Review 6: 157-173, 1983.

  44. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R., and Arenberg D.: Recent longitudinal research on personality and aging. In: K.W. Schaie (Ed.): Longitudinal studies of adult development. New York: Guilford Press, 1983: 222-265.

  45. Fozard J.L., and Costa P.T., Jr.: Age differences in memory and decision making in relation to personality, abilities, and endocrine function. In: J.E. Birren, J.M.A. Munnichs, H. Thomas, and M. Marois (Eds.): Aging: A challenge for science and social policy. London: Oxford University Press, 1983: 276-297.

  46. McCrae R.R., and Costa P.T.: Joint factors in self-reports and ratings: Neuroticism, extraversion and openness to experience. Pers. Individ. Diff. 4: 245-255, 1983.

  47. McCrae R.R., and Costa P.T.: Psychological maturity and subjective well-being: Toward a new synthesis. Dev. Psychol. 19: 243-248, 1983.

  48. McCrae R.R., and Costa P.T.: Social desirability scales: More substance than style. J. Consult. Clin. Psychol. 51: 882-888, 1983.

  49. Baum B.J., Costa P.T., Jr., and Isuzu K.T.: Sodium handling by aging human parotid glands is inconsistent with a two-stage secretion model. Am. J. Physiol. 246: R35-R39, 1984. [Abs]

  50. Costa P.T., Jr., and McCrae R.R.: Concurrent validation after 20 years: The implications of personality stability for its assessment. In: J.N. Butcher, and C. Spielberger (Eds.): Advances in personality assessment. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1984: 31-54.

  51. Costa P.T., Jr., and McCrae R.R.: Personality as a life-long determinant of psychological well-being. In: C. Malatesta, and C. Izard (Eds.): Affective processes in adult development and aging. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications, 1984: 141-150.

  52. Costa P.T., McCrae R.R., and Holland J.L.: Personality and vocational interests in an adult sample. J. Appl. Psychol. 69: 390-400, 1984.

  53. McCrae R.R., and Costa P.T., Jr. Emerging lives, enduring dispositions: Personality in adulthood. Boston: Little, Brown; 1984.

  54. McCrae R.R., and Costa P.T.: Personality is transcontextual: A reply to Veroff. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 10: 175-179, 1984.

  55. Schroeder D.H., and Costa P.T.: Influence of life event stress on physical illness: Substantive effects or methodological flaws? J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 46: 853-863, 1984. [Abs]

  56. Shock N.W., Greulich R.C., Andres R.A., Arenberg D., Costa P.T., Jr., Lakatta E.W., and Tobin J.D. Normal Human Aging: The Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging. Bethesda, MD: NIH Pub No 84-2450; 1984.

  57. Costa P.T., Jr.: Stability in personality and health perceptions. In: C.M. Gaitz, G. Niederehe, and N.L. Wilson (Eds.): Aging 2000: Our health care destiny, Vol II: Psychosocial and policy issues. New York: Springer Verlag, 1985: 75-84.

  58. Costa P.T., Jr., and McCrae R.R.: Concepts of functional or biological age: A critical review. In: R. Andres, E. Bierman, and W. Hazzard (Eds.): Principles of geriatric medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1985: 141-149.

  59. Costa P.T., and McCrae R.R.: Hypochondriasis, neuroticism, and aging: When are somatic complaints unfounded? Am. Psychol. 40: 19-28, 1985. [Abs]

  60. Costa P.T., Jr., and McCrae R.R. Manual for the NEO Personality Inventory. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources, Inc; 1985.

  61. Costa P.T., Jr., Zonderman A.B., Engel B.T., Baile W.F., Brimlow D.L., and Brinker J.: The relation of chest pain symptoms to angiographic findings of coronary artery stenosis and neuroticism. Psychosom. Med. 47: 285-293, 1985. [Abs]

  62. Costa P.T., Jr., Zonderman A.B., and McCrae R.R.: Longitudinal course of social support in adulthood and old age. In: I.G. Sarason, and B.R. Sarason (Eds.): Social support: Theory, research, and applications. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1985: 137-154.

  63. Costa P.T., Zonderman A.B., McCrae R.R., and Williams R.B.: Content and comprehensiveness in the MMPI: An item factor analysis in a normal adult sample. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 48: 925-933, 1985.

  64. Engel B.T., Baile W.F., Costa P.T., Jr., Brimlow D.L., and Brinker J.: A behavioral analysis of angina pectoris. Psychosom. Med. 47: 274-284, 1985.

  65. McCrae R.R., and Costa P.T.: Comparison of EPI and psychoticism scales with measures of the five-factor model of personality. Pers. Individ. Diff. 6: 587-597, 1985.

  66. McCrae R.R., and Costa P.T., Jr.: Letter to the Editor. J. Gerontol. 40: 127, 1985.

  67. McCrae R.R., and Costa P.T., Jr.: Openness to experience. In: R. Hogan, and W. Jones (Eds.): Perspectives in personality: Theory, measurement, and interpersonal dynamics. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press, 1985: 145-172.

  68. McCrae R.R., and Costa P.T., Jr.: Personality, stress, and coping processes in aging men and women. In: R. Andres, E. Bierman, and W. Hazzard (Eds.): Principles of geriatric medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1985: 141-150.

  69. McCrae R.R., and Costa P.T.: "Social desirability and the measurement of psychological well-being in elderly persons": Comment. J. Gerontol. 40: 127, 1985.

  70. McCrae R.R., and Costa P.T.: Updating Norman's "adequacy taxonomy": Intelligence and personality dimensions in natural language and in questionnaires. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 49: 710-721, 1985.  [Abs]

  71. Siegler I.C., and Costa P.T., Jr.: Health behavior relationships. In: J.E. Birren, and K.W. Schaie (Eds.): Handbook of the psychology of aging. (2th ed). New York: Van Nostrand, Reinhold, 1985: 144-164.

  72. Zonderman A.B., Heft M.W., and Costa P.T.: Does the Illness Behavior Questionnaire measure abnormal illness behavior? Health Psychol. 4: 425-436, 1985. [Abs]

  73. Costa P.T., Jr.: Is neuroticism a risk factor for CAD? Is Type A a measure of neuroticism? In: T. Schmidt, T. Dembroski, and G. Blumchen (Eds.): Biological and psychological factors in cardiovascular disease. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1986: 85-95.

  74. Costa P.T., Jr., and Andres R.A.: Patterns of age changes. In: I. Rossman (Ed.): Clinical geriatrics, 3rd edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1986: 23-30.

  75. Costa P.T., Busch C.M., Zonderman A.B., and McCrae R.R.: Correlations of MMPI factor scales with measures of the five factor model of personality. J. Pers. Assess. 50: 640-650, 1986. [Abs]

  76. Costa P.T., and McCrae R.R.: Age, personality, and the Holtzman Inkblot Technique. Int. J. Aging Hum. Dev. 23: 115-125, 1986. [Abs]

  77. Costa P.T., Jr., and McCrae R.R.: Cross-sectional studies of personality in a national sample: 1. Development and validation of survey measures. Psychol. Aging 1: 140-143, 1986. [Abs]

  78. Costa P.T., Jr., and McCrae R.R.: Major contributions to the psychology of personality. In: S.C. Modgil (Ed.): Hans Eysenck: Searching for a scientific basis for human behavior. Barcombe Lewes Sussex, England: Falmer, 1986: 63-72, 86, 87.

  79. Costa P.T., and McCrae R.R.: Personality stability and its implications for clinical psychology. Special Issue: Personality assessment in the 80's: Issues and advances. Clinical Psychology Review 6: 407-423, 1986.

  80. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R., Zonderman A.B., Barbano H.E., Lebowitz B., and Larson D.M.: Cross-sectional studies of personality in a national sample: 2. Stability in neuroticism, extraversion, and openness. Psychol. Aging 1: 144-149, 1986. [Abs]

  81. Costa P.T., Jr., Zonderman A.B., McCrae R.R., and Williams R.B., Jr.: Cynicism and paranoid alienation in the Cook and Medley HO Scale. Psychosom. Med. 48: 283-285, 1986. [Abs]

  82. McCrae R.R., and Costa P.T.: Clinical assessment can benefit from recent advances in personality psychology. Am. Psychol. 41: 1001-1003, 1986.

  83. McCrae R.R., and Costa P.T.: Personality, coping, and coping effectiveness in an adult sample. J. Pers. 54: 385-405, 1986.

  84. McCrae R.R., Costa P.T., and Busch C.M.: Evaluating comprehensiveness in personality systems: The California Q -Set and the five-factor model. J. Pers. 54: 430-446, 1986.

  85. Whitehead W.E., Busch C.M., Heller B.R., and Costa P.T.: Social learning influences on menstrual symptoms and illness behavior. Health Psychol. 5: 13-23, 1986. [Abs]

  86. Zonderman A.B., Leu V.L., and Costa P.T.: Effects of age, hypertension history, and neuroticism on health perceptions. Exp. Gerontol. 21: 449-458, 1986. [Abs]

  87. Costa P.T.: Influence on the normal personality dimension of neuroticism on chest pain symptoms and coronary artery disease. Am. J. Cardiol. 60: 20j-26j, 1987. [Abs]

  88. Costa P.T., Krantz D.S., Blumenthal J.A., Furberg C.D., Rosenman R.H., and Shekelle R.B.: Task force 2: Psychological risk factors in coronary artery disease. Circulation 76: 145-149, 1987.

  89. Costa P.T., Jr., and McCrae R.R.: The case for personality stability. In: G.L. Maddox, and E.W. Busse (Eds.): Aging: The universal human experience. Selected papers from the Symposia of the XIIIth Congress of the International Association of Gerontology. New York: Springer, 1987: 418-431.

  90. Costa P.T., and McCrae R.R.: Neuroticism, somatic complaints, and disease: Is the bark worse than the bite? Special Issue: Personality and physical health. J. Pers. 55: 299-316, 1987. [Abs]

  91. Costa P.T., and McCrae R.R.: On the need for longitudinal evidence and multiple measures in behavioral-genetic studies of adult personality. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10: 22-23, 1987.

  92. Costa P.T., Jr., and McCrae R.R.: Personality assessment in psychosomatic medicine. Value of a trait taxonomy. In: G.A. Fava, and T.N. Wise (Eds.): Advances in Psychosomatic Medicine: Vol. 17. Research paradigms in Psychosomatic Medicine. Basil: Karger, 1987: 71-82.

  93. Costa P.T., Jr., and McCrae R.R.: Role of neuroticism in the perception and presentation of chest pain symptoms and coronary artery disease. In: J.W. Elias, and P.H. Marshall (Eds.): Cardiovascular disease and behavior. New York: Hemisphere, 1987: 39-66.

  94. Costa P.T., McCrae R.R., and Zonderman A.B.: Environmental and dispositional influences on well-being: Longitudinal follow-up of an American national sample. British Journal of Psychology 78: 299-306, 1987. [Abs]

  95. Costa P.T., Stone S.V., McCrae R.R., Dembroski T.M., and et al.: Hostility, aggreeableness-antagonism, and coronary heart disease. Holistic Medicine 2: 161-167, 1987.

  96. Costa P.T., Zonderman A.B., McCrae R.R., Cornoni Huntley J., Locke B.Z., and Barbano H.E.: Longitudinal analyses of psychological well-being in a national sample: Stability of mean levels. J. Gerontol. 42: 50-55, 1987. [Abs]

  97. Dembroski T.M., and Costa P.T.: Coronary prone behavior: Components of the Type A pattern and hostility. Special Issue: Personality and physical health. J. Pers. 55: 211-235, 1987.

  98. Gentry W.D., Aronson M.K., Blumenthal J., Costa P.T., and DiGiacomo J.N.: Behavioral, cognitive and emotional considerations. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 10: 38a-41a, 1987.

  99. McCrae R.R., Arenberg D., and Costa P.T.: Declines in divergent thinking with age: Cross-sectional, longitudinal, and cross-sequential analyses. Psychol. Aging 2: 130-137, 1987.

  100. McCrae R.R., Costa P.T., Jr.: Validation of the five-factor model of personality across instruments and observers. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 52: 81-90 1987.

  101. Busch C.M., Costa P.T., Whitehead W.E., Heller B.R.: Severe perimenstrual symptoms: Prevalence and effects on absenteeism and health care seeking in a non-clinical sample. Women and Health 14: 59-74, 1988.

  102. Costa P.T., McCrae R.R.: From catalog to classification: Murray's needs and the five-factor model. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 55: 258-265, 1988.

  103. Costa P.T., and McCrae R.R.: Measures and markers of biological aging: "A great clamoring ... of fleeting significance." Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics 7: 211-214, 1988. [Abs]

  104. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R.: Personality in adulthood: a six-year longitudinal study of self-reports and spouse ratings on the NEO Personality Inventory. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 54: 853-863, 1988. [Abs]

  105. Dembroski T.M., Costa P.T.: Assessment of coronary-prone behavior: A current overview. Ann. Behav. Med. 10: 60-63, 1988.

  106. McCrae R.R., Costa P.T.: Age, personality, and the spontaneous self-concept. J Gerontol 43: S177-185, 1988. [Abs]

  107. McCrae R.R., Costa P.T., Jr.: Do parental influences matter? A reply to Halverson. J. Pers. 56: 445-449, 1988.

  108. McCrae R.R., Costa P.T.: Psychological resilience among widowed men and women: A 10-year follow-up of a national sample. Journal of Social Issues 44: 129-142, 1988.

  109. McCrae R.R., Costa P.T., Jr.: Recalled parent-child relations and adult personality. J. Pers. 56: 417-434, 1988. [Abs]

  110. Whitehead W.E., Bosmajian L., Zonderman A.B., Costa P.T., Jr., Schuster M.M.: Symptoms of psychologic distress associated with irritable bowel syndrome: Comparison of community and medical clinic samples. Gastroenterology 95: 709-714, 1988. [Abs]

  111. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R. The NEO-PI/NEO-FFI manual supplement. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources, Inc; 1989.

  112. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R.: Personality continuity and the changes of adult life. In: M. Storandt, and G.R. VandenBos (Eds.): The adult years: Continuity and change. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 1989: 45-77.

  113. Costa P.T., Jr., and McCrae R.R.: Personality, stress, and coping: Some lessons from a decade of research. In: K.S. Markides, and C.L. Cooper (Eds.): Aging, stress and health. New York: Wiley, 1989: 267-283.

  114. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R., and Dembroski T.M.: Agreeableness versus antagonism: Explication of a potential risk factor for CHD. In: A. Siegman, and T.M. Dembroski (Eds.): In search of coronary-prone behavior: Beyond Type A. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1989: 41-63.

  115. Costa P.T., Jr., Whitfield J.R., Stewart D. Alzheimer's disease: Abstracts of the psychological and behavioral literature. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association; 1989.

  116. Dembroski T.M., MacDougall J.M., Costa P.T., Grandits G.A.: Components of hostility as predictors of sudden death and myocardial infarction in the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial. Psychosom. Med. 51: 514-522, 1989. [Abs]

  117. McCrae R.R., Costa P.T., Jr.: Different points of view: Self-reports and ratings in the assessment of personality. In: J.P. Forgas, and M.J. Innes (Eds.): Recent advances in social psychology: An international perspective. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science, 1989: 429-439.

  118. McCrae R.R., Costa P.T.: More reasons to adopt the five-factor model. Am. Psychol. 44: 451-452, 1989.

  119. McCrae R.R., Costa P.T.: Reinterpreting the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator from the perspective of the five-factor model of personality. J. Pers. 7: 17-40, 1989. [Abs]

  120. McCrae R.R., Costa P.T., Jr.: Rotation to maximize the construct validity of factors in the NEO Personality Inventory. Multivariate Behavioral Research 24: 107-124, 1989.

  121. McCrae R.R., Costa P.T., Jr.: The structure of interpersonal traits: Wiggins's circumplex and the five-factor model. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 56: 586-595, 1989. [Abs]

  122. McCrae R.R., Costa P.T., Jr., Dahlstrom W.G., Barefoot J.C., Siegler I.C., Williams R.B., Jr.: A caution on the use of the MMPI K-correction in research on psychosomatic medicine. Psychosom. Med. 51: 58-65, 1989.[Abs]

  123. Musante L., MacDougall J.M., Dembroski T.M., Costa P.T., Jr.: Potential for hostility and two dimensions of anger. Health Psychol. 8: 343-354, 1989. [Abs]

  124. Zonderman A.B., Costa P.T., McCrae R.R.: Depression as a risk for cancer morbidity and mortality in a nationally representative sample. JAMA 262: 1191-1195, 1989. [Abs]

  125. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R.: Personality and aging. In: W.R. Hazzard, R. Andres, E.L. Bierman, and J.P. Blass (Eds.): Principles of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology. (2th ed). New York: McGraw-Hill, 1990: 101-107.

  126. Costa P.T., McCrae R.R.: Personality disorders and the five-factor model of personality. J. Pers. Disorders 4: 362-371, 1990.

  127. Costa P.T., McCrae R.R.: Personality: Another "hidden factor" in stress research. Psychological Inquiry 1: 22-24, 1990.

  128. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R., Locke B.Z.: Personality factors. In: J. Cornoni-Huntley, R.R. Huntley, and J.J. Feldman (Eds.): Health status and well-being of the elderly: National Health and Nutrition Examination I-Epidemiologic Follow-up Survey. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990: 210-220.

  129. Costa P.T., Jr., Stone S.V.: Understanding brain-behavior links in aging. Review of Geriatric Neuropsychology. Contemp. Psychol. 35: 1080-1081, 1990.

  130. Costa P.T., Jr., VandenBos G.R. Psychological aspects of serious illness: Chronic conditions, fatal diseases, and clinical care. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association; 1990.

  131. Costa P.T., Zonderman A.B., McCrae R.R.: "Cancer and psychosocial traits, continued": Reply. JAMA 263: 514, 1990.[Abs]

  132. Costa P.T., Jr., Zonderman A.B., McCrae R.R.: Personality, defense, coping and adaptation in older adulthood. In: E.M. Cummings, A.L. Greene, and K.H. Karraker (Eds.): Lifespan developmental psychology, Vol. 11: Perspective on stress and coping. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1990: 277-293.

  133. Fleg J.L., Gerstenblith G., Zonderman A.G., Becker L.C., Weisfeldt M.L., Costa P.T., Lakatta E.G.: Prevalence and prognostic significance of exercise-induced silent myocardial ischemia detected by thallium scintigraphy and electrocardiography in asymptomatic volunteers. Circulation 81: 428-436, 1990.

  134. McCrae R.R., Costa P.T., Jr. Personality in adulthood. New York: Guilford; 1990.

  135. Siegler I.C., Zonderman A.B., Barefoot J.C., Williams R.B., Jr., Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R.: Predicting personality in adulthood from college MMPI scores: implications for follow-up studies in psychosomatic medicine. Psychosom. Med. 52: 644-652, 1990. [Abs]

  136. Stone S.V., Costa P.T., Jr.: Disease-prone personality or distress-prone personality? The role of neuroticism in coronary heart disease. In: H. Friedman (Ed.): The disease prone personality. New York: Wiley, 1990: 178-200.

  137. Stone S.V., Dembroski T.M., Costa P.T., MacDougall J.M.: Gender differences in cardiovascular reactivity. J. Behav. Med. 13: 137-156, 1990.[Abs]

  138. Whitehead W.E., Crowell M.D., Bosmajian L., Zonderman A.B., Costa P.T., Jr., Benjamin C., Robinson J.C., Heller B.R., Schuster M.M.: Existence of irritable bowel syndrome supported by factor analysis of symptoms in two community samples. Gastroenterology 98: 336-340, 1990. [Abs]

  139. Almada S.J., Zonderman A.B., Shekelle R.B., Dyer A.R., Daviglus M.L., Costa P.T., Jr., Stamler J.: Neuroticism and cynicism and risk of death in middle-aged men: the Western Electric Study. Psychosom. Med. 53: 165-175, 1991. [Abs]

  140. Costa P.T., Jr.: Clinical use of the five-factor model: An introduction. Special Series: Clinical use of the five-factor model of personality. J. Pers. Assess. 57: 393-398, 1991. [Abs]

  141. Costa P.T., Jr.: The role of aluminum in cognitive functioning. Round Table Series 26: 116-131, 1991.

  142. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R., Dye D.A.: Facet scales for agreeableness and conscientiousness: A revision of the NEO Personality Inventory. Pers. Individ. Diff. 12: 887-898, 1991.

  143. Fagan P.J., Wise T.N., Schmidt C.W., Ponticas Y., Costa P.T., Jr., Marshall R.D.: A comparison of five-factor personality dimensions in males with sexual dysfunction and males with paraphilia. J. Pers. Assess. 57: 434-448, 1991. [Abs]

  144. McCrae R.R., Costa P.T.: Adding Liebe und Arbeit : The full five-factor model and well-being. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 17: 227-232, 1991.

  145. McCrae R.R., Costa P.T., Jr.: The NEO Personality Inventory: Using the five-factor model in counseling. Journal of Counseling and Development 69: 367-372, 1991.

  146. McCrae R.R., Costa P.T., Jr.: Response to Dolliver. Journal of Counseling and Development 69: 375-376, 1991.

  147. Piedmont R.L., McCrae R.R., Costa P.T.: Adjective Check List scales and the five-factor model. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 60: 630-637, 1991.

  148. Wise T.N., Fagan P.J., Schmidt C.W., Ponticas Y., Costa P.T., Jr.: Personality and sexual functioning of transvestitic fetishists and other paraphilics. J. Nerv. Ment. Dis. 179: 694-698, 1991.[Abs]

  149. Costa P.T., Jr.: Nathan W. Shock (1906-1989): Obituary. Am. Psychol. 47: 423, 1992.

  150. Costa P.T., Jr., Fagan P.J., Piedmont R.L., Ponticas Y., Wise T.N.: The five-factor model of personality and sexual functioning in outpatient men and women. Psychiatric Medicine 10: 199-215, 1992.[Abs]

  151. Costa P.T., McCrae R.R.: Normal personality inventories in clinical assessment: General requirements and the potential for using the NEO Personality Inventory. Psychol. Assessment 4: 20-22, 1992.

  152. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R.: The five-factor model of personality and its relevance to personality disorders. J. Pers. Disorders 6: 343-359, 1992.

  153. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R.: Four ways five factors are basic. Pers. Individ. Diff. 13: 653-665, 1992.

  154. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R.: "Four ways five factors are not basic": Reply to Eysenck. Pers. Individ. Diff. 13: 861-865, 1992.

  155. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R.: Multiple uses for longitudinal personality data. Special Issue: Longitudinal research and personality. European Journal of Personality 6: 85-102, 1992.

  156. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R.: Normal personality assessment in clinical practice: The NEO Personality Inventory. Special Section: Assessing personality characteristics in clinical settings. Psychol. Assessment 4: 5-13, 1992.

  157. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R.: Reply to Ben-Porath and Waller. Psychol. Assessment 4: 20-22, 1992.

  158. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R. Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO PI-R) and the NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) professional manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources; 1992.

  159. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R.: Trait psychology comes of age. In: T.B. Sonderegger (Ed.): Nebraska Symposium on Motivation: Psychology and aging. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 1992: .

  160. Costa P.T., Jr., Williams T.F.: Development of clinical practice guidelines for dementia screening. Neurobiology of Aging 13: S5, 1992.

  161. Fozard J.L., Mullin P.A., Giambra L.M., Metter E.J., Costa P.T., Jr.: Normal and pathological age differences in memory. In: J.C. Brockelhurst, R.C. Tallis, and H.M. Fillit (Eds.): Textbook of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology. (4th ed). London: Churchill Livingstone, 1992: 94-109.

  162. McCrae R.R., Costa P.T., Jr.: Discriminant validity of NEO-PIR facet scales. Educational and Psychological Measurement 52: 229-237, 1992.

  163. Metter E.J., Metter E.L., Costa P.T., Jr., Brant L.J., Zonderman A., Fozard J.L.: Response stability and reliability in longitudinal health evaluations. Aging Clinical and Experimental Research (Milano) 4: 43-52, 1992.

  164. Piedmont R.L., McCrae R.R., Costa P.T.: An assessment of the Edwards Personal Preference Schedule from the perspective of the five-factor model. J. Pers. Assess. 58: 67-78, 1992.[Abs]

  165. Siegler I.C., Peterson B.L., Barefoot J.C., Harvin S.H., Dahlstrom W.G., Kaplan B.H., Costa P.T., Jr., Williams R.B., Jr.: Using college alumni populations in epidemiologic research: the UNC Alumni Heart Study. J. Clin. Epidemiol. 45: 1243-50, 1992. [Abs]

  166. Tien A.Y., Costa P.T., Jr., Eaton W.W.: Covariance of personality, neurocognition, and schizophrenia spectrum traits in the community. Schizophrenia Research 7: 149-158, 1992. [Abs]

  167. Bergeman C.S., Chipuer H.M., Plomin R., Pedersen N.L., McClearn G.E., Nesselroade J.R., Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R.: Genetic and environmental effects on openness to experience, agreeableness, and conscientiousness: an adoption/twin study. J. Pers. 61: 159-79, 1993. [Abs]

  168. Brooner R.K., Herbst J.H., Schmidt C.W., Bigelow G.E., Costa P.T., Jr.: Antisocial personality disorder among drug abusers. Relations to other personality diagnoses and the five-factor model of personality. J. Nerv. Ment. Dis. 181: 313-319, 1993. [Abs]

  169. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R.: Bullish on personality psychology. The Psychologist 6: 302-303, 1993.

  170. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R.: Ego development and trait models of personality. Psychological Inquiry 4: 20-23, 1993.

  171. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R.: Psychological research in the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging. Zeitschrift fur Gerontology 26: 138-141, 1993.

  172. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R.: Psychological stress and coping in old age. In: L. Goldberger, and S. Bresznitz (Eds.): Handbook of zdtress: Theoretical and Clinical Aspects. (2th ed). New York: Free Press, 1993: 403-412.

  173. McCrae R.R., Costa P.T., Jr., Piedmont R.L.: Folk concepts, natural language, and psychological constructs: The California Psychological Inventory and the five-factor model. J. Pers. 61: 1-26, 1993.

  174. Zonderman A.B., Herbst J.H., Schmidt C., Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R.: Depressive symptoms as a nonspecific, graded risk for psychiatric diagnoses. J. Abnorm. Psychol. 102: 544-552, 1993. [Abs]

  175. Zonderman A.B., Siegler I.C., Barefoot J.C., Williams R.B., Costa P.T., Jr.: Age and gender differences in the content scales of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory. Exp. Aging Res. 19: 241-257, 1993.[Abs]

  176. Busch C.M., Zonderman A.B., Costa P.T., Jr.: Menopausal transition and psychological distress in a nationally representative sample: Is menopause associated with psychological distress? Journal of Aging and Health 6: 209-228, 1994.

  177. Costa P.T., Jr.: Can the SASB bridge personality theory and clinical psychology? A view from the O, C, E, A, N. Psychological Inquiry 5: 319-322, 1994.

  178. Costa P.T., Jr.: Personality: Universal and unchanging? Biomedical Gerontology 18: 90-98, 1994. [Also in A. Kobata & M. Matsuo (Eds.), Recent advances in aging research: From the molecule to the human. Proceedings of the 5th Joint Symposium of the Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology and the National Institute on Aging (pp. 9-17). Tokyo, Japan: Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology].

  179. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R.: Depression as an enduring disposition. In: L.S. Schneider, C.F. Reynolds, III., B.D. Lebowitz, and A.J. Friedhoff (Eds.): Diagnosis and treatment of depression in late life: Results of the NIH Consensus Development Conference. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press, 1994: 155-167.

  180. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R.: Personality and aging. In: W.R. Hazzard, E.L. Bierman, J.P. Blass, W.H. Ettinger, and J.B. Halter (Eds.): Principles of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology. (3th ed). New York: McGraw-Hill, 1994: 107-113.

  181. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R.: Personality assessment. In: V.S. Ramachandran (Ed.): Encyclopedia of human behavior. San Diego: Academic Press, 1994: 453-460.

  182. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R.: Set like plaster: Evidence for the stability of adult personality. In: T. Heatherton, and J. Weinberger (Eds.): Can personality change? Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 1994: 21-40.

  183. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R.: Stability and change in personality from adolescence through adulthood. In: C.F. Halverson, G.A. Kohnstamm, and R.P. Martin (Eds.): The developing structure of temperament and personality from infancy to adulthood. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1994: 139-150.

  184. Costa P.T., Jr., Metter E.J., McCrae R.R.: Personality stability and its contribution to successful aging. J. Geriatric Psychiatry 27: 41-59, 1994.

  185. Costa P.T., Jr., Widiger T.A.: Introduction: Personality disorders and the five-factor model of personality. In: P.T. Costa, Jr., and T.A. Widiger (Eds.): Personality disorders and the five-factor model of personality. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 1994: 1-12.

  186. Costa P.T., Jr., Widiger T.A. Personality disorders and the five-factor model of personality. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association; 1994.

  187. Costa P.T., Jr., Widiger T.A.: Summary and unresolved issues. In: P.T. Costa, Jr., and T.A. Widiger (Eds.): Personality disorders and the five-factor model of personality. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 1994: 319-328.

  188. McCrae R.R., Costa P.T., Jr.: Does Lorr's Interpersonal Style Inventory measure the five-factor model? Pers. Individ. Diff. 16: 195-197, 1994.

  189. McCrae R.R., Costa P.T., Jr.: The paradox of parental influence: Understanding retrospective studies of parent-child relations and adult personality. In: C. Perris, W.A. Arrindell, and M. Eisemann (Eds.): Parenting and psychopathology. New York: Wiley, 1994: 107-125.

  190. McCrae R.R., Costa P.T., Jr.: The stability of personality: Observation and evaluations. Current Directions in Psychological Science 3: 173-175, 1994.

  191. Resnick S.M., Zonderman A.B., Golski S., Metter E.J., Bryan R.N., Costa P.T., Jr.: Memory change as a predictor of regional brain structure and function. Biomedical Gerontology 18: 206-210, 1994. [Also in A. Kobata & M. Matsuo (Eds.), Recent advances in aging research: From the molecule to the human. Proceedings of the 5th Joint Symposium of the Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology and the National Institute on Aging (pp. 135-139). Tokyo, Japan: Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology].

  192. Siegler I.C., Costa P.T., Jr.: Personality and breast cancer screening behaviors. Mini-Series: Advances in behavioral medicine research on breast cancer. Ann. Behav. Med. 16: 347-351, 1994.

  193. Widiger T.A., Costa P.T., Jr.: Personality and personality disorders. Special Issue: Personality and psychopathology. J. Abnorm. Psychol. 103: 78-91, 1994.

  194. Widiger T.A., Trull T.J., Clarkin J.F., Sanderson C., Costa P.T., Jr.: A description of the DSM-III-R and DSM-IV personality disorders with the five-factor model of personality. In: P.T. Costa, Jr., and T.A. Widiger (Eds.): Personality disorders and the five-factor model of personality. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 1994: 41-56.

  195. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R.: Design and analysis of aging studies. In: E.J. Masoro (Ed.): Handbook of physiology-aging. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995: 25-36.

  196. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R.: Domains and facets: Hierarchical personality assessment using the Revised NEO Personality Inventory. J. Pers. Assess. 64: 21-50, 1995.[Abs]

  197. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R.: Primary traits of Eysenck's P-E-N system: Three- and five-factor solutions. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 69: 308-317, 1995.[Abs]

  198. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R.: Solid ground in the wetlands of personality: A reply to Block. Psychol. Bull. 117: 216-220, 1995.[Abs]

  199. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R.: Theories of personality and psychopathology: Approaches derived from philosophy and psychology. In: H.I. Kaplan, and B.J. Sadock (Eds.): Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry. (6th ed). Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, 1995: 507-519.

  200. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R., Kay G.G.: Persons, places, and personality: Career assessment using the Revised NEO Personality Inventory. Journal of Career Assessment 3: 123-139, 1995.

  201. Giambra L.M., Arenberg D., Kawas C., Zonderman A.B., Costa P.T., Jr.: Adult life span changes in immediate visual memory and verbal intelligence. Psychol. Aging 10: 123-139, 1995.[Abs]

  202. Lethbridge-Cejku M., Scott W.W., Jr., Reichle R., Ettinger W.H., Zonderman A., Costa P.T., Jr., Plato C.C., Tobin J.D., Hochberg M.C.: Association of radiographic features of osteoarthritis of the knee with knee pain: data from the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging. Arthritis Care and Research 8: 182-8, 1995. [Abs]

  203. McCrae R.R., Costa P.T., Jr.: Positive and negative valence within the five-factor model. Journal of Research in Personality 29: 443-460, 1995.

  204. McCrae R.R., Costa P.T., Jr.: Trait explanations in personality psychology. European Journal of Personality 9: 231-252, 1995.

  205. Resnick S.M., Costa P.T., Jr.: Comments on use of H-1 MR spectroscopy for diagnosis of probable Alzheimer disease. Radiology 195: 14-15, 1995.[Abs]

  206. Suls J., Wan C.K., Costa P.T., Jr.: Relationship of trait anger to resting blood pressure: A meta-analysis. Health Psychol. 14: 444-456, 1995.[Abs]

  207. Trull T.J., Useda J.D., Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R.: Comparison of the MMPI-2 Personality Psychopathology Five (PSY-5), the NEO-PI, and NEO-PI--R. Psychol. Assessment 7: 508-516, 1995.[Abs]

  208. Zonderman A.B., Giambra L.M., Kawas C.H., Arenberg D., Resnick S.M., Costa P.T., Jr.: Changes in immediate visual memory predict cognitive impairment. Arch. Clin. Neuropsychology 10: 111-123, 1995.[Abs]

  209. Brown G.R., Wise T.N., Costa P.T., Jr., Herbst J.H., Fagan P.J., Schmidt C.W., Jr.: Personality characteristics and sexual functioning of 188 cross-dressing men. J. Nerv. Ment. Dis. 184: 265-73, 1996.[Abs]

  210. Costa P.T., Jr.: Work and personality: Use of the NEO PI-R in industrial/organizational psychology. Applied Psychology: An International Review 45: 225-241, 1996.

  211. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R.: Mood and personality in adulthood. In: C. Malatesta-Magai, and S. McFadden (Eds.): Handbook of emotion, aging and the lifecourse. San Diego: Academic Press, 1996.

  212. Costa P.T., Jr., Somerfield M.R., McCrae R.R.: Personality and coping: A reconceptualization. In: M. Zeidner, and N.M. Endler (Eds.): Handbook of coping. New York: Wiley, 1996.

  213. Costa P.T., Jr., Williams T.F., Somerfield M., et al. Recognition and Initial Assessment of Alzheimer's Disease and Related Dementias. Clinical Practice Guideline, No. 19. Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Public Health Service, Agency for Health Care Policy and Research. AHCPR Publication No. 96-0702; November 1996.

  214. McCrae R.R., Costa P.T., Jr.: Toward a new generation of personality theories: Theoretical contexts for the five-factor model. In: J.S. Wiggins (Ed.): The five-factor model of personality: Theoretical perspectives. New York: Guilford, 1996.

  215. McCrae R.R., Costa P.T., Jr., Yik M.S.M.: Universal aspects of Chinese personality structure. In: M.H. Bond (Ed.): The Handbook of Chinese Psychology. Hong Kong: Oxford University Press, 1996.

  216. McCrae R.R., Zonderman A.B., Costa P.T., Jr., Bond M.H., Paunonen S.V.: Evaluating replicability of factors in the Revised NEO Personality Inventory: Confirmatory factor analysis versus Procrustes rotation. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 70: 552-566, 1996.

  217. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R.: Stability and change in personality assessment: The Revised NEO Personality Inventory in the year 2000. J. Pers. Assess. 68: 86-94, 1997.[Abs]

  218. McCrae R.R., Costa P.T., Jr.: Personality trait structure as a human universal. Am. Psychol. 52: 509-516, 1997.[Abs]

  219. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R.: Longitudinal stability of adult personality. In: R. Hogan, J.A. Johnson, and S.R. Briggs (Eds.): Handbook of Personality Psychology. San Diego: Academic Press, 1997: 269-290.

  220. McCrae R.R., Costa P.T., Jr.: Conceptions and correlates of Openness to Experience. In: R. Hogan, J.A. Johnson, and S.R. Briggs (Eds.): Handbook of Personality Psychology. San Diego: Academic Press, 1997: 825-847.

  221. Costa P.T., Jr., Somerfield, M.R., Williams T. F.: Underrecognition of dementia by caregivers cuts across cultures. JAMA 277(22): 1757-59, 1997.[Abs]

  222. Vandenbergh D.J., Zonderman A.B., Wang J., Uhl G.R., Costa P.T. Jr.: No association between novelty seeking and dopamine D4 receptor (D4DR) exon III seven repeat alleles in Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging participants. Molecular Psychiatry 2:417-419, 1997.[Abs]

  223. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R.: The Five-Factor Model of Personality: An Overview. Impuls: Tidsskrift for Psykologi,51: 9-13, 1997.

  224. Costa P.T. Jr., McCrae R.R.: Trait theories of personality. In: D.F. Barone, M. Hersen, and V.B. VanHasselt (Eds.): Advanced Personality. New York: Plenum, 1998, 103-121.

  225. McCrae R.R., Costa P. T., Jr., Del Pilar G. H., Rolland J.P., Parker W.D.: Cross-cultural assessment of the five-factor model: The Revised NEO Personality Inventory. J. Cross-Cultural Psychol. 29(1): 171-188, 1998.

  226. McCrae R.R., Stone S.V., Fagan P.J., Costa P.T., Jr.: Identifying causes of disagreement between self-reports and spouse ratings of personality. J. Pers. 66: 285-313, 1998.[Abs]

  227. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R R: Six approaches to the explication of facet-level traits: Examples from Conscientiousness. Europ. J Pers 12: 117-134, 1998.

  228. Matthews G., Saklofske D.H., Costa P.T., Jr., Deary I.J., Zeidner M. Dimensional models of personality: A framework for systematic clinical assessment. Eur. J. Psychol. Assessment 14(1): 36-49, 1998.

  229. Yang J., McCrae R.R., Costa P.T., Jr. Adult age differences in personality traits in the United States and the People's Republic of China. J. Gerontol.: Psychological Sciences 53B: P375-P383, 1998.[Abs]

  230. Loehlin J.C., McCrae R.R., Costa P.T., Jr, John O.P. Heritabilities of common and measure-specific components of the big five personality factors. J. Res. Pers. 32: 431-453, 1998.

  231. Costa P.T., Jr., Yang J., McCrae R.R.: Aging and personality traits: Generalizations and clinical implications. In IH Nordhus, GR VandenBos, P Fromhold, and S. Berg (Eds.): Clinical Geropsychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 1998, 33-48.

  232. McCrae R.R., Costa P.T., Jr., Lima M.P., Simoes A., Ostendorf F., Angleitner A., Marusic I., Bratko D., Caprara G.V., Barbaranelli C., Chae J.H., Piedmont R.L. Age differences in personality across the adult lifespan: Parallels in five cultures. Dev. Psychol. 35: 466-477, 1999.[Abs]

  233. Somerfield M.R., Costa P.T.. Jr.: Towards more evidence-based guidelines for psychology. Am. Psychol.54(12): 1131-1132, 1999.[Abs]

  234. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R., Siegler I.C.: Continuity and change over the adult life cycle: Personality and personality disorders. In: C.R. Cloninger (Ed.): Personality and psychopathology. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press, 1999, 129-153.

  235. Costa P.T., Jr,, McCrae R.R. Reply to Goldberg. In: I Mervielde, I Deary, F de Fruyt, F. Ostendorf (Eds.): Personality Ssychology in Europe 1999, Vol 7, pp. 29-31. Tilburg: The Netherlands: Tilburg University Press.

  236. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R.: The Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO PI-R). In: J. Cheek, and E.M. Donahue (Eds.): Handbook of personality inventories. New York: Plenum, in press. [Excerpted in Cohen RJ, Swerdlik ME (Eds.), Psychological testing and assessment: An introduction to tests and measurement (4th ed., pp. 410-413). Mountain View, CA: Mayfield Publishing, 1999.]

  237. Sacktor N., Gray S., Kawas C., Herbst J., Costa P., Fleg J.: Systolic blood pressure within an intermediate range may reduce memory loss in an elderly hypertensive cohort. J. Geriatr. Psychiatry. Neurol. 12: 1-6, 1999.[Abs]

  238. Creamer P., Lethbridge-Cejku M., Costa P.T., Tobin J.D., Herbst J.H., Hochberg M.C. The relationship of anxiety and depression with self-reported knee pain in the community: Data from the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging. Arthritis Care Res. 12: 3-7, 1999.[Abs]

  239. McCrae R.R., Costa P.T., Jr.: A five-factor theory of personality. In: Pervin LA, John OP (eds.), Handbook of Personality: Theory and Research (2nd. ed.). New York: Guilford, 1999: 139-153.

  240. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R.: Contemporary personality psychology: Implications for geriatric neuropsychiatry. In: Coffey CE, Cummings JL (Eds.), Textbook of Geriatric Neuropsychiatry (2nd ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press, 1999.

  241. Bagby R.M., Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R., Livesley W.J., Kennedy S.H., Levitan R.D., Levitt A.J., Joffe R.T., Young L.T.: Replicating the five-factor model of personality in a psychiatric sample. Personality and Individual Differences, 27: 1135-1139, 1999.

  242. Yang J., McCrae R.R., Costa P.T., Jr., Dai X., Yao S., Cai T., Gao B.: Cross-cultural personality assessment in psychiatric populations: The NEO-PI-R in the Peoples Republic of China. Psychological Assessment, 11(3): 359-368, 1999.

  243. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R: Theories of personality and psychopathology: Approaches derived from philosophy and psychology. In: H.I. Kaplan, and B.J. Sadock (Eds.): Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry. (7th ed), pp 638-651, Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, 2000.

  244. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R.: NEO Personality Inventory. In: A.E. Kazdin (Ed.): Encyclopedia of psychology (Vol. 5), pp 407-409,Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 2000.

  245. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R., Martin T.A., Oryol V.E., Senin I.G., Rukavishnikov A.A., Shimonaka Y., Nakazato K., Gondo Y., Takayama M., Allik J., Kallasmaa T., Realo A.: Personality development from adolescence through adulthood: Further cross-cultural comparisons of age differences. In: Molfese VJ, Molfese D (Eds.), Temperament and Personality Development Across the Life Span. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2000: 235-252.

  246. Yang J., McCrae R.R., Costa P.T., Jr., Yao S., Dai X., Cai T., Gao B.: The cross-cultural generalizability of Axis II constructs: An evaluation of two personality disorder assessment instruments in the Peoples Republic of China. Journal of Personality Disorders. 14: 249-263, 2000.[Abs]

  247. Trobst K.K., Wiggins J.S., Costa P.T. Jr., Herbst J.H., McCrae R.R., Masters H.L.: Personality psychology and problem behaviors: HIV risk and the five-factor model. J. Pers. 68(6): 1233-1252, 2000. [Abs]

  248. McCrae R.R., Costa P.T., Ostendorf F., Angleitner A., Hrebickova M., Avia M.D., Sanz J., Sanchez-Bernardos M.L., Kusdil M.E., Woodfield R., Saunders P.R., Smith P.B.: Nature over nurture: temperament, personality, and life span development. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 78: 173-186, 2000.[Abs]

  249. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R.: A theoretical context for adult temperament. In TD Wachs, GA Kohnstamm (Eds.): Temperament in context. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2000; 1-21.

  250. Herbst, J.H., Zonderman, A.B., McCrae, R.R., Costa, P.T., Jr.: Do the dimensions of the temperament and character inventory map a simple genetic architecture? Evidence from molecular genetics and factor analysis. Am. J. Psychiatry 157(8): 1285-1290, 2000.[Abs]

  251. Samuels J., Nestadt G., Bienvenu O.J., Costa P.T., Riddle M., Liang K.Y., Hoehn-Saric R., Grados M., Cullen B. Personality disorders and normal personality dimensions in obsessive-compulsive disorder: Results from the Johns Hopkins OCD Family Study. British Journal of Psychiatry. 177: 457-462, 2000.

  252. Fauerbach J.A., Lawrence J.W., Schmidt C.W., Jr, Munster A.M., Costa P.T., Jr. Personality predictors of injury-related posttraumatic stress disorder. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. 188: 510-517, 2000.[Abs]

  253. Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R.: Innovations in assessment using the Revised NEO Personality Inventory: Introduction to the Special Issue. Assessment. 7: 323-325, 2000.[Abs]

  254. Costa P.T., Jr., Herbst J.H., McCrae R.R., Siegler I.C.: Personality at midlife: Stability, intrinsic maturation, and response to life events. Assessment. 7: 367-380, 2000.[Abs]

  255. Herbst J.H., McCrae R.R., Costa P.T., Jr., Feaganes J.R., Siegler I.C.: Self-perceptions of stability and change in personality at midlife: The UNC Alumni Heart Study. Assessment. 7: 381-390, 2000.[Abs]

  256. McCrae R.R., Yang J., Costa P.T., Jr., Dai X., Yao S., Cai T., Gao B. Personality profiles and the prediction of categorical personality disorders. Journal of Personality 69: 155-174, 2001. [Abs]

  257. Bienvenu O.J., Nestadt G., Samuels J.F., Howard W.T., Costa P.T., Eaton W.W.: Phobic, panic and major depressive disorders and the five-factor model of personality. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. 189: 154-161, 2001. [Abs]

  258. Bienvenu O.J., Brown C., Samuels J.F., Liang K.Y., Costa P.T., Eaton W.W., Nestadt G.: Normal personality traits and comorbidity among phobic, panic, and major depressive disorders and the five-factor model of personality. Psychiatry Res. 102: 73-85, 2001. [Abs]

  259. Costa P.T., Jr., Terracciano A., McCrae R.R.: Gender differences in personality traits across cultures: Robust and surprising findings. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 81: 322-331, 2001. [Abs]

  260. Herbst J.H., Zonderman A.B., McCrae R.R., Costa P.T., Jr.: Letter to the Editor. Am. J. Psychiatry 158: 1339-1340, 2001.

  261. Carter J.A., Herbst J.H., Stoller K.B., King V.L., Kidorf M.S., Costa P.T., Jr., Brooner R.K.: Short-term stability of NEO-PI-R personality trait scores in opioid-dependent outpatients. Psychol Addict. Behav. 15: 255-260, 2001. [Abs]

  262. Costa P.T., Jr., Widiger T.A. (Eds.): Personality Disorders and the Five-factor Model of Personality, 2nd Edition. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 2002.

  263. Widiger T.A., Costa P.T., Jr. FFM personality disorder research. In: Costa P.T., Jr., Widiger T.A., (Eds.) Personality disorders and the five-factor model of personality. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 2002.

  264. Yang J., Dai X., Yao S., Cai T., Gao B., McCrae R.R., Costa P.T., Jr.: Personality Disorders and the Five-Factor Model of Personality in Chinese Psychiatric Patients. In: P.T. Costa Jr. and T.A. Widiger, (Eds.) : Personality Disorders and the Five-factor Model of Personality. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 2002.

  265. Widiger T.A., Costa P.T., Jr., McCrae R.R.: Proposal for Axis II: Diagnosing personality disorders using the Five-Factor Model. In: PT Costa Jr and TA Widiger, (Eds.) : Personality Disorders and the Five-factor Model of Personality. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 2002.

  266. Yang J., Bagby R.M., Costa P.T., Jr., Ryder A.G., Herbst J.H. Assessing the DSM-IV structure of personality disorder with a sample of Chinese psychiatric patients. J. Personal. Disord. 16(4): 317-331, 2002. [Abs]

  267. Siegler I.C., Bastian L.A., Steffens D.C., Bosworth H.B., Costa P.T. Behavioral medicine and aging. J. Consult. Clin. Psychol. 70(3): 843-851, 2002.[Abs]

  268. Samuels J., Eaton W.W., Bienvenu O.J. 3rd, Brown C.H., Costa P.T., Jr., Nestadt G. Prevalence and correlates of personality disorders in a community sample. Br. J. Psychiatry. 180: 536-542, 2002. [Abs]

  269. Reti I.M., Samuels J.F., Eaton W.W., Bienvenu O.J. 3rd, Costa P.T., Jr., Nestadt G. Adult antisocial personality traits are associated with experiences of low parental care and maternal overprotection. Acta Psychiatr. Scand. 106(2): 126-133, 2002.[Abs]

  270. Reti I.M., Samuels J.F., Eaton W.W., Bienvenu O.J. 3rd, Costa P.T., Jr., Nestadt G. Influences of parenting on normal personality traits. Psychiatry Res. 111(1): 55-64, 2002.[Abs]

  271. McCrae R.R., Costa P.T., Jr., Terracciano A., Parker W.D., Mills C.J., De Fruyt F., Mervielde I. Personality trait development from age 12 to age 18: longitudinal, cross-sectional, and cross-cultural analyses. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 83(6): 1456-1468, 2002. [Abs]

  272. Trull T.J., Widiger T.A., Lynam D.R., Costa P.T., Jr. Borderline personality disorder from the perspective of general personality functioning. J. Abnorm. Psychol. 112(2): 193-202, 2003.

  273. Siegler I.C., Costa P.T., Brummett B.H., Helms M.J., Barefoot J.C., Williams R.B., Dahlstrom W.G., Kaplan B.H., Vitaliano P.P., Nichaman M.Z., Day R.S., Rimer BK. Patterns of change in hostility from college to midlife in the UNC Alumni Heart Study predict high-risk status. Psychosom. Med. 65(5): 738-745, 2003.[Abs]

  274. Terracciano A., McCrae R.R., Hagemann D., Costa P.T., Jr. Individual difference variables, affective differentiation, and the structures of affect. J. Pers. 71(5): 669-703, 2003. [Abs]

  275. Keightley M.L., Seminowicz D.A., Bagby R.M., Costa P.T., Fossati P., Mayberg H.S. Personality influences limbic-cortical interactions during sad mood induction. Neuroimage. 20(4): 2031-2039, 2003.[Abs]

  276. Breitner J.C., Costa P.T. "At my wits' end": neuroticism and dementia. Neurology. 61(11): 1468-1469, 2003.[Abs]

  277. Terracciano A., Costa P.T., Jr. Smoking and the Five-Factor Model of personality. Addiction. 99(4): 472-481, 2004.[Abs]

  278. Samuels J., Bienvenu O.J., Cullen B., Costa P.T., Jr, Eaton W.W., Nestadt G. Personality dimensions and criminal arrest. Compr. Psychiatry. 45(4): 275-280, 2004.[Abs]

  279. Bienvenu O.J., Samuels J.F., Costa P.T., Reti I.M., Eaton W.W., Nestadt G. Anxiety and depressive disorders and the Five-Factor Model of personality: A higher- and lower-order personality trait investigation in a community sample. Depress. Anxiety. 20(2): 92-97, 2004.[Abs]

  280. Davey A., Halverson C.F. Jr, Zonderman A.B., Costa P.T. Jr. Change in depressive symptoms in the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging. J. Gerontol. B Psychol. Sci. Soc. Sci. 59(6): P270-P277, 2004. [Abs]

  281. Costa, PT Jr, McCrae, RR. A Five-Factor Model perspective on personality disorders. In Strack, S. (Ed.), Handbook of Personology and Psychopathology. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2005, pp. 257-270.

  282. Costa, PT Jr, McCrae, RR. Theories of personality and psychopathology: Approaches derived from philosophy and psychology. In: Sadock, BJ and Sadock, VA. (Eds.): Kaplan and Sadock's Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry (8th ed.). Philadelphia, Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, 2005, pp. 778-793.

  283. Costa PT Jr, Samuels J, Bagby M, Daffin L, Norton H. The obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD): A review. In: Maj M, Akiskal H, Mezzich J, Okasha A. (Eds.): Personality Disorders -- (WPA Series, Evidence and Experience in Psychiatry, Vol. 8). West Sussex, UK, Wiley & Sons, 2005, pp. 405-439.

  284. Kennedy, SH, Farvolden, P, Cohen, NL, and Bagby, RM, Costa, PT, Jr. Personality and the pharmacological treatment of depression. In Rosenbluth, MR, Kennedy, SH, and Bagby, RM. (Eds.): Depression and Personality: Conceptual and Clinical Challenges. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc., 2005, pp. 97-119.

  285. Weiss A., Costa P.T. Jr., Karuza J., Duberstein P.R., Friedman B., McCrae R.R. Cross-sectional age differences in personality among medicare patients aged 65 to 100. Psychol Aging. 20(1): 182-185, 2005. [Abs]

  286. Hong J.P., Samuels J., Bienvenu O.J., Hsu F.C., Eaton W.W., Costa P.T. Jr., Nestadt G. The longitudinal relationship between personality disorder dimensions and global functioning in a community-residing population. Psychol Med. 35(6): 891-895, 2005. [Abs]

  287. Costa P.T. Jr., Bagby R.M., Herbst J.H., McCrae R.R. Personality self-reports are concurrently reliable and valid during acute depressive episodes. J. Affect. Disord. 89(1-3): 45-55, 2005. [Abs]

  288. Weiss A, Costa PT Jr. Domain and facet personality predictors of all-cause mortality among Medicare patients aged 65 to 100. Psychosom. Med. 67(5): 724-733, 2005. [Abs]

  289. McCrae R.R., Martin T.A., Costa P.T. Jr. Age trends and age norms for the NEO Personality Inventory-3 in adolescents and adults. Assessment. 12(4): 363-373, 2005. [Abs]

  290. Terracciano A., McCrae R.R., Brant L.J., Costa P.T. Jr. Hierarchical linear modeling analyses of the NEO-PI-R scales in the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging. Psychol. Aging. 20(3): 493-506, 2005. [Abs]

  291. Costa P.T. Jr., Patriciu N.S., McCrae R.R. Lessons from longitudinal studies for new approaches to the DSM-V: the FFM and FFT. J. Pers. Disord. 19(5): 533-539; discussion 594-596, 2005.[Abs]

  292. Nestadt G., Hsu F.C., Samuels J., Bienvenu O.J., Reti I., Costa P.T. Jr., Eaton W.W. Latent structure of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition personality disorder criteria. Compr. Psychiatry. 47(1): 54-62, 2006. [Abs]

  293. Costa P.T. Jr., McCrae R.R. Age changes in personality and their origins: comment on Roberts, Walton, and Viechtbauer (2006). Psychol. Bull. 132(1): 26-28, 2006.

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